For Whom the Bell Tolls: Novel Summary: Chapter 4

SummaryInside the warm cave, a cantankerous Pablo, who is sitting with a group of men, announces to Jordan that he will not be involved in blowing up the bridge after all. Surprised, Jordan and Anselmo say they can carry out the mission without him. Jordan has retained some potent absinthe that he mixes with water. No, Pablo insists, the bridge is not to be blown up at all. Its too risky. Maria brings him water for his drink and Jordan tells her he would share it but its too strong. Pablos woman, Pilar, calls Pablo a coward and then announces that she supports the Republic. Therefore the bridge must be blown up. She is, after all, the true leader and not a coward like Pablo. The men support her and Pablo leaves in anger to visit his horses. Outside, Jordan talks with the gypsy Rafael, who is surprised that the American didnt seize the opportunity to kill Pablo.
Analysis
Hemingway here juxtaposes the highly idealistic Jordan with the cowardly Pablo. On the surface, Jordan is good, while Pablo is so bad that he has to be replaced by his wife. Jordan is a foreigner who has arrived in Spain to help the people, yet Pablo will not help even his small group of men. Pablos wife Pilar undergoes a metamorphosis in this chapter. In chapter two she was referred to as ugly and barbarous, but now in the caves firelight she grows in stature and nobility. This is the woman who carried Maria up the mountain on her back and now, if necessary, she will carry the entire Republic even if it means the death of her man, Pablo. She feels angered by what she saw in Jordans hand; “she put it away from her and would not let it touch her, neither her nor the Republic” (58). Pilar is tough yet gentle and does not fear death.