1984 Nineteen Eighty-Four: Novel Summary: Part 3 Chapter 3-Part 3 Chapter 4

Part 3 Chapter 3: “There are three stages in your reintegration, said OBrien. There is learning, there is understanding, and there is acceptence. It is time for you to enter upon the second stage” (p. 264). In this chapter Winston finally learns why the Party acts as it does. OBrien explains that the Party seeks power for its own sake. OBrien states, “The more the Party is powerful, the less it will be tolerant; the weaker the opposition, the tighter the despotism. Goldstein and his heresies will live forever. Every day, at every moment, they will be defeated, discredited, ridiculed, spat upon-and yet they will always survive. This drama that I have played out with you during seven years will be played out over and over again, generation after generation.That is the world we are preparing, Winston.You are beginning, I can see, to realize what that world will be like. But in the end you will do more than understand it. You will accept it, welcome it, become part of it” (p. 271). Winston tries to resist. He argues with OBrien that he is still a man and that there will always be men who will revolt. In response to Winstons argument, OBrien forces Winston to view himself in a mirror. The torture has turned Winston into a savage, beaten shell. He no longer looks human. To further illustrate his point, OBrien yanks Winstons last teeth out of his jaw and pulls clumps of hair from his scalp. “We have beaten you, Winston. We have broken you up. You have seen what your body is like. Your mind is in the same state” (p. 277). 
Part 3 Chapter 4: OBriens torture ends momentarily. The guards feed Winston three meals a day for several months as Winston regains his strength and continues his evolution toward total loyalty to Big Brother. To his captors, Winston seems to make rapid progress as he writes “Freedom is Slavery,” “Two and two make five,” and “God is power.” One night, however, Winston reveals that his mind has not fully succumbed to the brainwashing as he emerges from a dream screaming Julias name. Immediately, OBrien returns to Winstons cell and orders him to Room 101.